Carbonates in the built environment | Szegedi Tudományegyetem, Ásványtani, Geokémiai és Kőzettani Tanszék

<2023> <december>

H K Sz Cs P Sz V

Mai névnapok:


Carbonates in the built environment

Course information

Title of the course:

Carbonates in the built environment

Responsible for teaching:

Dr. Magdolna Hetényi

Other teachers:

Dr. Bernadett Bajnóczi

Type of the course:

Optional professional course



Brief description of the lecture:


The geology of carbonates: from carbonate minerals to carbonate rocks.

  • Carbonate minerals and their structure
  • The types of carbonate rocks (sedimentary, magmatic-hydrothermal and metamorphic) and their formation
  • The importance of carbonates in the global carbon cycle.

The research methods of carbonates.

  • Mineral composition and texture: polarising microscopy, cathodoluminescence, X-ray Powder Diffraction
  • Geochemistry: isotope-geochemistry (C, O, Sr), element geochemistry: microprobe analysis, X-ray fluorescence analysis

The use of carbonates in the built environment.

  • The cultural history of carbonates – the use of carbonate rocks in the European culture from antiquity until the present day: chalk, limestone and marble: main mine sites during the history and their utilization in architecture and decorations
  • The (Hungarian) carbonate rocks used in domestic built environment: types (compact limestone, coarse limestone, travertine etc.), occurrence, geology, physical characteristics and their employment in the architecture from antiquity until the present day.


  • examining the origins of limestone and marble building and decorative materials by using mineralogical-petrological, geochemical, etc. methods.

The impairment of the built environment.

  • The impairment of monuments and archaeological objects made of limestone and marble – its degradation due to natural and artificial environmental effects.
  • the chemical, physical and anthropogenic factors of weathering
  • introducing the various appearance forms of weathering by using the examples of building and decorative materials from Hungary and over the borders as well.


Ásványtani, Geokémiai és Kőzettani Tanszék
Természettudományi és Informatikai Kar
Szegedi Tudományegyetem

H-6722, Szeged Egyetem u. 2.
Tel.: +36 62 544 058
Fax: 36 62 426 479